What 7 Electrical Aspects Do You Need to Consider for a Home?
Most homes around Australia require very similar electrical infrastructure, according to Build.com.au. And there are a few essentials to consider:
1. SWITCH BOXES AND METERS
All homes feature a switch box, which distributes power to the main appliances in the home. These need to be fitted with safety switches and circuit breakers to ensure the safety of residents and equipment. Between the switch box and the mains power, a meter measures electricity use.
2. SINGLE PHASE AND THREE PHASE POWER
Most appliances run on standard, 240 volt, single phase wiring. However, some larger appliances such as ducted air conditioners need 415 volt, three phase wiring in order to run.
3. LIGHTING AND POWER
Lighting in the home is limited to 5 watts per square metre of floor area. It’s important to install lighting intelligently to keep power costs down. Power outlets should also be abundant to limit the use of extension leads.
Many homes now have sophisticated security systems incorporating CCTV, motion-sensitive lights, intercoms and remote door opening technology. Smoke alarms are included in this category and are a legal requirement in Australia.
5. HEATING AND COOLING
Australia’s hot summers mean that most homes have reverse cycle air conditioners or fans, as well as electric heaters for winter.
Kitchens require extractor fans and range hoods to be installed and must be carefully planned into the kitchen’s layout.
A bathroom fan needs to be reliable and durable as they are often used for long periods of time and need to avoid overheating. All other electrical appliances and fittings in the bathroom need to meet specific standards as they are regularly exposed to water.